The Devil’s Highway
In order to hire such a large number of agents quickly, it removed some previous requirements, such as passing a polygraph exam, and drew heavily on veterans from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan — they make up The lower standards, combined with the influx of veterans, altered the atmosphere at the agency, bringing a military ethos to the policing job. Closely related to the funding increases was the emergence of a homeland security industry in which military suppliers repurposed weapons, surveillance technologies and vehicles for use inside the US.
In the past, most migrants detained at the border were quickly processed and voluntarily repatriated to Mexico, often within a few hours of being caught. This was convenient for the border patrol, which had neither the staff to process paperwork nor the space to house thousands of migrants in detention facilities. It was also an acknowledgment that the vast majority of migrants at the border were poor workers, not smugglers or criminals.
As the staffing increased and migrant detention facilities were privatised, the government began to detain migrants, charge them with misdemeanours for their first offence and felonies for their second, and then formally deport them. Before there were rarely more than 20, deportations a year; by the mids, the number was , a year. The number of migrants in detention facilities increased from 85, in to , in Surprisingly, more people have been deported from the US during the Obama presidency than during any previous administration.
Meanwhile, new border infrastructure substantially expanded the enforcement area. There were no federal fences on the border prior to the short sections built for operations Hold the Line and Gatekeeper, but today, 1,km miles of the 3,km 1, miles border are fenced against pedestrians or vehicles. The metal mesh pedestrian barrier is 6.
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These efforts still leave two-thirds of the border with Mexico unfenced. From to , US border patrol agents shot and killed 33 people. These killings became an issue in the summer of with the firing of internal affairs chief James Tomsheck. The border patrol stated that it fired Tomsheck for not investigating killings, but Tomsheck alleged his sacking was part of a cover-up.
In media interviews, Tomsheck blamed the culture of the border patrol; its agents thought of themselves as part of the military. The Guereca family attorney, Marion Reilly, summed up the ruling: Unfortunately, direct violence, including killings by the border patrol and on the Mexican side, as cartels work to solidify control over profitable smuggling routes, does not even scratch the surface of the violence that surrounds the US—Mexico border.
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The border patrol has recovered more than 6, bodies there since the s, deaths attributable to the construction of the border wall and the massive border patrol presence. Migrants are funnelled to more dangerous and remote locations, just like migrants at the edges of the EU. Instead of crossing in a city, migrants are making the arduous journey through the deserts of Arizona, hiking 50 or more kilometres through arid and desolate terrain.
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According to the first National Border Patrol Strategy document, released in , that was the goal: With the increased enforcement, crossings and migrant deaths in California declined, while those in Arizona surged. Migrants do not bring enough food and water, often because smugglers, who do not want to be slowed down by the extra weight, tell them the trip is not very far. He is the publisher of a literary magazine, "The Hummingbird Review.
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Available to ship in days. A shame they mean to ram down your throats. And will you kneel like supplicants while this happens?
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In Ancient Britain, a young boy discovers a terrorist plot against the Roman Invaders. His brother is implicated, and he thinks he can find a way to spare his family from retribution. In the 21 st Century, a man shattered by divorce tries to assert his hold on family land and finds himself up against enraged locals who have always used the land.
One of these is Aitch, who is traumatised after fighting in Afghanistan.
Death in the sands: the horror of the US-Mexico border | US news | The Guardian
In a future ravaged by climate change, a band of children try to reach safety. The world is ravaged by war, and the children are in danger from slavers and starvation. They fight among themselves about the extent to which they should trust outsiders. Our relationship with the land is examined and questions are raised which have never been more pertinent. The cycle of time challenges our assumptions as we see the destructive nature of civilisation repeating itself. One setting, three time-periods and a cycle which repeats over the centuries. This is the sort of novel which demands a second reading.
It is intelligent and thought-provoking, and I am certain I would make more connections on a second reading, as well as marveling at the detail I missed first time around. It shows different people coming into one place, so bent on progressing their own cause they are willing to cause destruction. It depicts the people caught in the wake of such times: I was stuck by these depictions of the young caught up in the acts of their elders.
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